African Forest Elephant

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African Forest Elephant

African Forest ElephantOriginal.jpg

Character Data
Japanese Name: マルミミゾウ
Romanised Name: Marumimi zou
First Featured in: Kemono Friends (2015 Game)
Animal Data
Scientific Name: Loxodonta cyclotis
Distribution: Africa
Diet: Herbivore
Average Lifespan in the Wild: 60–70 years
Read More: African forest elephant
Conservation Status: Status iucn3.1 EN.svg.png
African Forest Elephant Nexon Game

African Forest Elephant is an Elephantid Friend that appeared in the original Kemono Friends mobile game.

Appearance

Most of African Forest Elephant's color palette is umber and dark beige, except for her pale sleeveless yellow midriff shirt. The midriff is accompanied with a brown bow tie. African Forest Elephant also has a green apple and a scarf, similar to an elephant's trunk. Her hair is styled in a shoulder-length fashion, and has fluffy bangs. The sides of her bangs fade to ivory, resembling an elephant's tusks. She wears a very short pleated skirt held by a knotted belt, black jump boots, khaki tights, and matching gloves. Just like the real life African Forest Elephant she's based on, she bares gigantic ears and a tufted tail.

In Real Life

A male African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis)

The African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) is a forest-dwelling species of elephant. It is the smallest of the three extant species of elephant, but still one of the largest living terrestrial animals.

African forest elephants are most populous in central and western Africa. Areas of high density are characterized by lowland tropical rainforests, semi-evergreen and semi-deciduous tropical rainforests, and swamps.

The African Forest Elephant is thought to have rounder ears and straighter tusks than the African Bush Elephant, and it has been also noted that the African Bush Elephant and the African Forest Elephant have a different number of toe nails. Until recently though, they were considered to be the same species.

The African Forest Elephant is a herbivorous animal meaning that it only eats plants and other vegetation. They predominantly eat leaves and fruit from trees, herbs and low-lying shrubs.

The African Forest Elephant mainly uses its immense tusks for digging for roots in the ground and to strip the bark off trees. The African Forest Elephant also uses its tusks to defend itself from predators such as Lions, and to fight with other male African Forest Elephants during the mating season. Males are generally fairly solitary but females and their young form small family groups known as herds. This allows the more vulnerable offspring to be more easily protected.

The tusks of the African Forest Elephant are pretty straight instead of curved to help them move through the thick jungle with greater ease. Their tusks are an essential tool in the spreading of seeds throughout Africa's forests and are therefore vital to the running of their native eco-systems.

Despite African Forest Elephants being able to communicate with one another through a couple of miles of dense jungle, the sound they make is so low that it cannot be heard by Humans. African forest elephants, along with other elephants, communicate among widely dispersed social groups through these low-frequency sounds (5 Hz).

An elephants trunk is the most versatile of all mammalian creations being used as a nose, arm, hand and multipurpose tool. It is powerful enough to kill a lion with a single swipe, yet the finger-like lobes at the end are adept enough to pluck a feather from the ground.

Poaching for ivory and meat has traditionally been the major cause of the species' decline. Although illegal hunting remains a significant factor in some areas, particularly in Central Africa, currently the most important perceived threat is the loss and fragmentation of habitat caused by ongoing human population expansion and rapid land conversion. The African Elephant is subject to various degrees of legal protection in all Range States. Although up to 70% of the species range is believed to lie in unprotected land, most large populations occur within protected areas.

Trivia

The African forest elephant commonly eats leaves, fruit, and bark
  • Elephants have been referred to as "forest gardeners" due to their significant role in seed dispersal and maintaining plant diversity.
  • There are many parasitic species that use African elephants as their host. There is a wide variety to the kind of parasites that infect African elephant. African elephants do have a mutualistic relationship with birds, as the birds will feed on the skin parasites of the elephants, providing them a meal while ridding the elephants of some parasites.

References

1. "Loxodonta africana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

2. "African Forest Elephant". a-z-animals.

3. "ADW: Loxodonta cyclotis: INFORMATION". Animal Diversity Web.

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