Australian Devil

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Australian Devil

Australian DevilOriginal.jpg

Character Data
Japanese Name: オーストラリアデビル
Romanised Name: Ōsutoraria Debiru
First Featured in: Kemono Friends (Anime)
Animal Data
Scientific Name: Sarcophilus harrisii
Distribution: Mainland Australia
Diet: Carnivore
Average Lifespan in the Wild: 5-7 years
Read More: Tasmanian Devil
Conservation Status: Status iucn3.1 EX.svg.png
Australian Devil Anime Stage Play

The Australian Devil is a type of Marsupial Friend which debuted on Kemono Friends' official website. She also made a cameo in Episode 8 - PPP Live of the Kemono Friends anime.

Appearance

Australian Devil's color palette is monochrome except her gloves and loafers which are brown. As the animal she's based on, she has irregular white patches on her tank top, her arm warmers and her hair. She wears a short circular skirt with pressed-in ridges, a pair of black thigh high socks and an apron which has a large pocket. She bears a bow attached to a collar that circle her neck. She long straight hair that reaches at least below the shoulder blades with part of it cut to about ears-length and a fringe slightly coiffed to the left just above her white eyepatch. She has brown, empty eyes befitting of a Friend that nearly went extinct; and judging by her facial expression, she seems nervous. She bears the tail and the ears of an Australian Devil.

In Real Life

Australian Devil (Sarcophilus harrisii). Scarring from fighting is visible next to this devil's left eye

The Tasmanian devil (Sarcophilus harrisii) is a carnivorous marsupial of the family Dasyuridae. Open forests and woodlands are preferred, while tall or dense wet forests are avoided. The highest population densities are found in mixed patches of grazing land and forest or woodland. Relative trapping success and spool-and-line tracking indicates that Tasmanian Devils travel through lowlands, saddles and along creeks, avoiding steep slopes and rocky areas, and favouring predictably rich sources of food such as carcasses, rubbish dumps, and roads (which can be dangerous for the devils). [3]

The devil is mainly a scavenger and feeds on whatever is available. Powerful jaws and teeth enable it to completely devour its prey. Tasmanian Devils are considered to be generalist predators and specialized scavengers; prey comprise primarily medium- to large-sized mammals, although they will eat large invertebrates, tasmanian Devils solitarily and actively hunt prey up to about 20 kg in size. Tasmanian devils may have depended on carrion left from Tasmanian wolf kills in historical times. Other food items, such as insects, insect larvae, snakes, and small amounts of vegetation, are taken when encountered. Tasmanian devils forage in a slow, lumbering manner, using their sense of smell to find food at night. [2] [4]

The devil is nocturnal. During the day it usually hides in a den, or dense bush. It roams considerable distances, along well-defined trails in search of food. Occasionally, when individuals congregate at food sources, such as carrion, they interact aggressively but they are not territorial. When fighting, Tasmanian devils vocalize with growls, screeches, and vibratos. [1] [4]

At one time, Tasmanian devils were thought to be in danger of extinction due to persecution by settlers and destruction of forest habitat. Populations stabilized, and may have increased with the increased availability of carrion in rangelands. In recent years many populations of Tasmanian devil have been devastated by a new, usually lethal, cancer-like disease that is spreading rapidly throughout Tasmania. Although this has no resulted in extinction in the past, the effect of additional, human-associated threats may pose a grave threat to the persistence of Tasmanian devil populations. As of May 2008, the Tasmanian Devil is listed as Endangered under the Tasmanian Government's Threatened Species Protection Act 1995. It is also listed as Vulnerable under the Australian Government Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. [1] [2]

At the end of 2003, a program to investigate and respond to the threat of Devil Facial Tumour Disease is launched. This program, now called the Save the Tasmanian Devil Program, has attracted many collaborative researchers. More information can be found in the official website Save the Tasmanian Devil Program. [5].

Trivia

  • Tasmanian devils are important as top predators in native, Tasmanian habitats. As scavengers they are important in removing carcasses.

References

1. "Sarcophilus harrisi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008.

2. "Sarcophilus harrisii" By Tanya Dewey; Bridget Fahey; Almaz Kinder. Animal Diversity Web, University of Michigan museum of zoology.

3. "Sarcophilus harrisii — Tasmanian Devil". The Department of the Environment and Energy, Australian Government.

4. "Tasmanian Devil, Sarcophilus harrisii". Parks & Wildlife

5. Hello ... or Goodbye" (PDF). Save The Tasmanian Devil.

Mammal Friends
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Wolves Arctic WolfDingoEastern WolfGray WolfHokkaido WolfIndian WolfItalian WolfJapanese WolfMexican WolfMongolian WolfNew Guinea Singing DogTundra Wolf
Dogs CerberusDomestic DogRyukyu KenSiberian Husky
Cetaceans
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Deer
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Elephantids
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Felids Smilodon
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Giraffids
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Hares
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Marsupials
Australian DevilCommon Brushtail PossumCommon Ringtail PossumCommon WombatGreater BilbyGreater GliderKoalaNumbatPademelonRed KangarooScaly-Tailed PossumSpectacled Hare-WallabySquirrel GliderSulawesi Bear CuscusTasmanian DevilThylacineWhite-Eared Opossum
Otters
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Pigs
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Rhinoceroses
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Rodents
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Tapirs
Baird's TapirMalayan TapirMountain TapirSouth American Tapir
Miscellaneous Mammals
AardwolfBinturongCollared PeccaryDromedaryDugongFossaGiant ArmadilloGiant PangolinGuanacoHippopotamusHippopotamus GorgopsHoney BadgerHuacaya AlpacaHyracotheriumJapanese BadgerJapanese MartenLinnaeus's Two-Toed SlothMasked Palm CivetMeerkatPink Fairy ArmadilloPlatypusPronghornRaccoonRed PandaRock HyraxSableSpotted HyenaSteller's Sea CowStoatStriped SkunkSuri AlpacaThree-Toed SlothVicuñaWestern Spotted SkunkWild Bactrian CamelWolverine