European Cave Lion

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European Cave Lion

European Cave LionOriginal.png

Character Data
Also known as: Cave Lion, Eurasian Cave Lion
Japanese Name: ホラアナライオン
Romanised Name: Horaanaraion
First Featured in: Kemono Friends Pavilion
Animal Data
Scientific Name: Panthera leo spelaea
Distribution: Europe, Asia, northwestern North America
Diet: Carnivore
Average Lifespan in the Wild: Unknown
Read More: Panthera leo spelaea
Conservation Status: Status iucn3.1 EX.svg.png
European Cave Lion Pavilion

“For a long time I saw lot of people, like Smilodon. She said she's cooking now but in the past she's pretty daring. Also them. The one who called "human" is interesting. They draw me on the cave's wall. They're amazing. I wonder if they're doing well. I want them to draw me again”
European Cave Lion's introduction

European Cave Lion is a type of Friend.

In Real Life

European Cave lion, also known as Eurasian Cave lion, and Cave lion, is known from Paleolithic cave paintings, ivory carvings, and clay figures. A drawing in France's Chauvet cave, estimated to be 30,000 years old, depicts two European Cave lions walking together. The one in the foreground is slightly smaller than the one in the background, which has been drawn with a scrotum and without a mane. This suggests male European Cave lions completely lacked manes or had very small manes.

The skeleton of an adult male found in 1995 near Siegdorf, Germany had a shoulder height of around 1.2 m, a head to body length to body length of 2.1 m without the tail, and weighs between 320 to 360 kg. European Cave lions has similar in size to large modern lions, the size if this particular male exceeded by other specimens. They are characterised by large size, rounded, protruding ears, tufted tail, and perhaps faint, tiger-like stripes

In 2016, hair found near Maly Anyuy River was identified as European Cave lion hair was probably similar in colour as that of the modern lion, though slightly lighter. In addition, the European Cave lion is thought to have had a very thick and dense undercoat comprising closed and compressed yellowish-to-white wary downy hair with a smaller mass of darker coloured guard hairs, possibly an adaptation to the ice age climate.

They formed a contiguous population from Europe to Alaska over the Bering land bridge. European Cave lions inhabited open environment like Mammoth steppe, boreal forest, woodlands and mountains of Eurasia. They are widely distributed from the Iberian peninsula, southeast Europe, Great Britain, Central Europe, the East European Plain, and across most of northern Eurasian to Canada and Alaska.

Large amount of bones belonging to European Cave lion were excavated in caves, where bones of cave hyena, cave bear, and Paleolithic artefacts were also found. It was most likely a solitary animal. Isotopic analysis of bone collagen samples extracted from fossils indicate that Cave Bear, Reindeer, young mammoth, bison, and other cervids were prominent in the diet of European Cave lions.

Trivia

  • The oldest known fossils were excavated in northeastern Yakutia and were radiocarbon dated at 62,400 years old. The youngest known fossils are dated 11,295 years old and originated near Fairbanks, Alaska.
  • The European Cave lion receives its name not because it lived in caves, but because numerous intact skeletons have been found in Cave Bear habitats.
  • It is commonly considered an extinct subspecies of the lion, the European Cave lion is considered by some as a separate species on an analysis of skull characters and note many advanced characters relative to Panthera leo that support separate evolution.

References

Mammal Friends
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