Alpine Marmot

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Alpine Marmot

Alpine MarmotOriginal.jpg

Character Data
Also known as: Marmot
Japanese Name: マーモット
Romanised Name: Māmotto
First Featured in: Not Featured Yet
Animal Data
Scientific Name: Marmota marmota
Distribution: Europe
Diet: Omnivore
Average Lifespan in the Wild: 15-18 years
Read More: Alpine Marmot
Conservation Status: Status iucn3.1 LC.svg.png
Alpine Marmot

Alpine Marmot is a type of Friend. Her design was released alongside the redesign for Long-Tailed Chinchilla in the January 2020 issue of Shonen Ace.

In Real Life

The alpine marmot originates as an animal of Pleistocene cold steppe, exquisitely adapted to this ice-age climate. As such, alpine marmots are excellent diggers, able to penetrate soil that even a pickaxe would have difficulty with, and spend up to nine months per year in hibernation. Since the disappearance of the Pleistocene cold steppe, the alpine marmot persists in the high altitude alpine meadow. During the colonisation of Alpine habitat, the alpine marmot has lost most of its genetic diversity through a bottleneck effect. It could not rebuild its genetic diversity ever since, as its lifestyle adapted to the Ice Age climate slowed its rate of genomic evolution. The alpine marmot is indeed one of the least genetically diverse wild-living animals. When creating a burrow, they use both their forepaws and hind feet to assist in the work—the forepaws scrape away the soil, which is then pushed out of the way by the hind feet. If there are any stones in the way, the alpine marmot will remove them with its teeth provided that the stones aren't too large. "Living areas" are created at the end of a burrow, and are often lined with dried hay, grass and plant stems. Any other burrow tunnels that go nowhere are used as toilet areas. Once burrows have been completed, they only host one family, but are often enlarged by the next generation, sometimes creating very complex burrows over time. Each alpine marmot will live in a group that consists of several burrows, and which has a dominant breeding pair. Alpine marmots are very defensive against intruders, and will warn them off using intimidating behavior, such as beating of the tail and chattering of the teeth, and by marking their territory with their scent. One can often see an alpine marmot "standing" while they keep a look-out for potential predators or other dangers. Warnings are given, by emitting a series of loud whistles, after which members of the colony may be seen running for cover.

The mating season for alpine marmots occurs in the spring, right after their hibernation period comes to a close, which gives their offspring the highest possible chance of storing enough fat to survive the coming winter. Alpine marmots are able to breed once they reach an age of two years. Dominant females tend to suppress reproduction of subordinates by being antagonistic towards them while they are pregnant which causes stress and kills the young. Once the female is pregnant, she will take bedding materials (such as grass) into the burrow for when she gives birth after a gestation period of 33–34 days. Each litter consists of between one and seven babies, though this number is usually three. The babies are born blind and will grow dark fur within several days.

Trivia

Her release correlates with 2020 being the year of the rat, as she is a rodent.

Mammal Friends
Anteaters
Giant AnteaterSilky AnteaterSouthern Tamandua
Bats
Brown Long-Eared BatCommon Vampire BatDaito Fruit BatFraternal MyotisHilgendorf's Tube-Nosed BatHonduran White Bat
Bears
Bergman's BearBrown BearEzo Brown BearGiant PandaGrizzly BearJapanese Black BearKodiak BearPolar BearSpectacled BearSun Bear
Bovids Alpine IbexAmerican BisonArabian OryxAurochsBantengBlack WildebeestBlackbuckBlue WildebeestCommon ElandGaurHimalayan TahrImpalaMarkhorMountain GoatMuskoxNilgaiRhim GazelleSable AntelopeSaiga AntelopeSpringbokTakinThomson's GazelleTibetan AntelopeTopi
Cattle Guernsey CattleHolstein Friesian CattleJersey Cattle
Sheep Dall SheepMouflonSheepSnow Sheep
Camelidae
DromedaryGuanacoHuacaya AlpacaSuri AlpacaVicunaWild Bactrian Camel 
Canids African Golden WolfAfrican Wild DogBlack-Backed JackalCoyoteDholeDire WolfGolden JackalManed WolfRaccoon Dog
Foxes Bat-Eared FoxCulpeoGray FoxIsland FoxNine-Tailed FoxOinari-sama
True Foxes Arctic FoxEzo Red FoxFennec FoxPale FoxRed FoxSilver FoxTibetan Sand FoxWhite Ezo Red Fox
Wolves Arctic WolfDingoEastern WolfGray WolfHokkaido WolfIndian WolfItalian WolfJapanese WolfMexican WolfMongolian WolfNew Guinea Singing DogTundra Wolf
Dogs CerberusDomestic DogDomestic Dog (Mixed-Breed)Ryukyu KenSiberian Husky
Cetaceans
Blue WhaleChinese White DolphinCommerson's DolphinCommon Bottlenose DolphinKiller WhaleNarwhalShort-Beaked Common Dolphin
Deer
Axis DeerMooseMule DeerPère David's DeerReindeerRoe DeerSchomburgk's DeerSika DeerSouthern PudúWater DeerWhite ReindeerYezo Sika Deer
Elephantids
African Bush ElephantAfrican Forest ElephantIndian ElephantSumatran ElephantWoolly Mammoth
Equids Chestnut HorseDonkeyHipparionPrzewalski's HorseSeal Brown HorseTarpanWhite Horse
Zebras Chapman's ZebraGrévy's ZebraMountain ZebraPlains ZebraQuagga
Felids Smilodon
Felines Asian Golden CatBobcatCaracalCheetahCougarDomestic CatEurasian LynxFlat-Headed CatGeoffroy's CatIriomote CatJaguarundiJungle CatKing CheetahMarbled CatMargayOcelotPallas's CatSand CatServalWhite Serval
Pantherines Black LeopardClouded LeopardLeopardPeach PantherSnow Leopard
Jaguars Arizonan JaguarBlack JaguarJaguar
Lions Barbary LionCape LionEuropean Cave LionLionMasai LionTransvaal LionWhite Lion
Tigers Bengal TigerByakkoGolden TigerMaltese TigerSiberian TigerSouth China TigerSumatran TigerWhite Tiger
Giraffids
OkapiReticulated GiraffeRothschild's GiraffeSivatheriumSouth African Giraffe
Hares
Arctic HareEuropean HareMountain Hare
Marsupials
Australian DevilCommon Brushtail PossumCommon Ringtail PossumCommon WombatGreater BilbyGreater GliderKoalaNumbatPademelonRed KangarooScaly-Tailed PossumSpectacled Hare-WallabySquirrel GliderSulawesi Bear CuscusTasmanian DevilThylacineWhite-Eared Opossum
Mustelidae Honey BadgerJapanese BadgerJapanese MartenSableStoatWolverine
Otters Asian Small-Clawed OtterEurasian OtterJapanese River OtterNorthern Sea OtterSouthern Sea Otter
Pigs
Buru BabirusaDesert WarthogDomestic PigGiant Forest HogJapanese BoarRyukyu Boar
Pinnipeds
Baikal SealBearded SealCalifornia Sea LionHarp SealHooded SealMediterranean Monk SealNorthern Fur SealRinged SealSteller Sea LionWalrus
Primates
Aye-AyeBlack-And-White Ruffed LemurBornean OrangutanBrown Greater GalagoCommon ChimpanzeeGolden Lion TamarinGolden Snub-Nosed MonkeyHamadryas BaboonIndriJapanese MacaqueKabanMandrillPatas MonkeyRing-Tailed LemurSlow LorisVenezuelan Red HowlerWestern Lowland Gorilla
Rhinoceroses
Black RhinocerosIndian RhinocerosSumatran RhinocerosWhite Rhinoceros
Rodents
Alpine MarmotBlack-Tailed Prairie DogBrazilian PorcupineCapybaraChipmunkCommon DeguCoypuCrested PorcupineEurasian BeaverJapanese SquirrelKyūshū Flying SquirrelLong-Tailed ChinchillaNorth American Beaver
Tapirs
Baird's TapirMalayan TapirMountain TapirSouth American Tapir
Miscellaneous Mammals
AardwolfBinturongCollared PeccaryDugongFossaGiant ArmadilloGiant PangolinHippopotamusHippopotamus GorgopsHyracotheriumLinnaeus's Two-Toed SlothMasked Palm CivetMeerkatPale-throated SlothPink Fairy ArmadilloPlatypusPronghornRaccoonRed PandaRock HyraxSpotted HyenaSteller's Sea CowStriped SkunkWestern Spotted Skunk