Wild Bactrian Camel
|Wild Bactrian Camel|
|Wild Bactrian Camel||Festival||Pavilion||KF3||Nexon Game|
“Together with Dromedary we do various journey by hitchiking. But morning always comes early it makes me sleepy... ... In searching of pleasant sleeping place, today too I'm going on a journey in the park”
—Wild Bactrian Camel's introduction
Wild Bactrian Camel is a type of Friend that appeared in the original Kemono Friends mobile game.
Her redesign shows her wearing a white shirt and socks, a blue miniskirt and brown shoes. She has a red waterbottle strapped around her shoulder. Her hair is brown with long sidebangs. She has 2 hairbuns on the upper back of her head, covered by bun covers tied together by red string. There is a noticeable bunch of hair under her chin, which is often joked to be a goatee but is most likely a furry luck charm similar to a rabbit's foot.
In Real Life
The wild Bactrian camel is a species of camel found in parts of northern China and southern Mongolia. They are closely related to—but not to be confused with—the Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus). Distinguishing characteristics of the wild Bactrian camel include smaller overall size, with a more slender and narrow appearance; smaller, more conical humps; and shorter, sparser wool. Its most prominent difference, however, is on a genetic level: while they were previously thought to have descended from domestic Bactrian camels that were released into the wild and became feral, recent studies have found that the wild Bactrian camel diverged from its cousin over 1.6 million years ago.
The wild Bactrian camels are adapted to the arid plains and hills of the Asian steppes, subsisting off of scarce water sources and shrubs. Wild Bactrian camels travel over long distances in groups of up to 30 (although 6 to 20 is more common, depending on food availability), seeking water in places close to mountains where springs are found. In winter, they additionally seek snow off of hill and mountain slopes; the wild Bactrian camel is one of the few mammals than can eat snow for liquids. They are also quite possibly the only mammal that can survive on water saltier than seawater—something that not even its domesticated cousin can do.
In ancient times, wild Bactrian camel presence was recorded as far south as the uppermost areas of the Yellow River, and as far west as central Kazakhstan. However, their numbers have declined to the point where much of their population resides in reserve areas. The primary cause of this is humans hunting them for their meat; while this is now illegal, poachers still kill around 50 per year in the reserves. Other threats include scarcity of water, attacks by wolves, and loss of genetic distinction from breeding with domesticated Bactrian camels. Their habitat is also infringed upon by humans in manners unrelated to hunting; redesignation of wildlife areas as industrial zones, toxic substance release from illegal mining operations, and sharing grazing areas with other domestic animals (which can lead to them being shot by farmers).
A 2016 assessment by the Wild Camel Protection Foundation placed the species' population at roughly 1400. The Chinese and Mongolian governments both maintain several initiatives, including and mostly involving the aforementioned reserves, in order to prevent them from going extinct.