“I'm Sumatran Tiger! Eh? It's difficult to pronounce? Please properly say it okay? I'm being called "The little one" by Bengal-chan and Siberian-chan; I wonder if that's true? I'm good at swimming and climbing tree; I'm strong in my own house! Geez, I'm going to roar okay? Grr, Grr, Grr”
—Sumatran Tiger's introduction
In Real Life
The Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae)* is is the smallest and darkest tiger subspecies and tends to be more bearded and maned than the other subspecies. It is the only remaining island living tiger in Indonesia and inhabits a landscape that ranges from sub-mountain and mountain forest to lowland forest and peat forest.
Their range size is estimated at 52 km2 for a male and a much smaller 27 km2 for the female of the subspecies.
It is estimated that there are around 400 – 500 individual tigers wild in Sumatra in isolated pockets of protected land. Three of the protected areas are classified as UNESCO World Heritage Sites but all are in danger of losing this status due to threats from poaching, illegal logging, agricultural encroachment and planned road building.
Female tigers are sexually mature at about 3 or 4 years of age and males at about 4 to 5 years. Mating may occur any time during the year, but most frequently takes place from November to April. Females enter estrus every three to nine weeks and are receptive for three to six days. A male and female meet only during this brief time to mate; however, he may stay in the area. The female tiger is an induced ovulator, meaning that her ovaries do not release eggs until mating occurs. After a gestation period of 100-108 days, female tigers will seek out a secluded den to give birth in. Litters may range from one to six cubs, though the average litter size is 2-3. The female always rears the cubs alone.