Gaur

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Gaur

GaurOriginal.jpg

Character Data
Also known as: Indian bison
Japanese Name: ガウル
Romanised Name: Gauru
First Featured in: Kemono Friends (2015 Game)
Animal Data
Scientific Name: Bos gaurus
Distribution: Southeast Asia
Diet: Herbivore
Average Lifespan in the Wild: 26 years
Read More: Gaur
Conservation Status: Status iucn3.1 VU.svg.png
Gaur Nexon Game

Gaur is a type of Friend that appeared in the original Kemono Friends mobile game.

In Real Life

The gaur has a head-and-body length of 250 to 330 cm with a 70 to 105 cm long tail, and is 142 to 220 cm high at the shoulder, averaging about 168 cm in females and 188 cm in males. At the top of its muscular hump just behind its shoulder, an average adult male is just under 200 cm tall and the male's girth at its midsection averages about 277 cm. Males are about one-fourth larger and heavier than females. Body mass can range widely from 440 to 1000 kg in adult females and 588 to 1500 kg in adult males. 

The gaur has a strong and massively built species with a high convex ridge on the forehead between the horns, which protrudes anteriorly, causing a deep hollow in the profile of the upper part of the head. There is a prominent ridge on the back. The ears are very large; the tail only just reaches the hocks, and in old bulls the hair becomes very thin on the back. The adult male is dark brown, approaching black in very old individuals. The upper part of the head, from above the eyes to the nape of the neck, is ashy grey, or occasionally dirty white. The muzzle is pale coloured, and the lower part of the legs are pure white or tan.

Both sexes carry horns, which grow from the sides of the head, curving upwards. Between the horns is a high convex ridge on the forehead. At their bases they present an elliptical cross-section, a characteristic that is more strongly marked in bulls than in cows. The horns are decidedly flattened at the base and regularly curved throughout their length, and are bent inward and slightly backward at their tips. The colour of the horns is some shade of pale green or yellow throughout the greater part of their length, but the tips are black. The horns, of medium size by large bovid standards, grow to a length of 60 to 115 cm.

This species is native to South and Southeast Asia. They are largely confined to evergreen forests or semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, but also occur in deciduous forest areas at the periphery of their range. Gaur habitat is characterized by large, relatively undisturbed forest tracts.

They are basically diurnal. In other areas, they have become largely nocturnal due to forest molestation caused by humans. Gaur herds are led by an old adult female, the matriarch. Adult males may be solitary. During the peak of the breeding season, unattached males wander widely in search of receptive females. 

Wild gaur graze and browse on a wider variety of plants than any other ungulate species of India, with a preference for the upper portions of plants, such as leaf blades, stems, seeds and flowers of grass species.

References

Mammal Friends
Anteaters
Giant AnteaterSilky AnteaterSouthern Tamandua
Bats
Brown Long-Eared BatCommon Vampire BatDaito Fruit BatFraternal MyotisHilgendorf's Tube-Nosed BatHonduran White Bat
Bears
Bergman's BearBrown BearEzo Brown BearGiant PandaGrizzly BearJapanese Black BearKodiak BearPolar BearSpectacled BearSun Bear
Bovids Alpine IbexAmerican BisonArabian OryxAurochsBantengBlack WildebeestBlackbuckBlue WildebeestCommon ElandGaurHimalayan TahrImpalaMarkhorMouflonMountain GoatMuskoxNilgaiRhim GazelleSable AntelopeSaiga AntelopeSheepSnow SheepSpringbokTakinThomson's GazelleTibetan AntelopeTopi
Cattle Guernsey CattleHolstein Friesian CattleJersey Cattle
Canids African Golden WolfAfrican Wild DogBlack-Backed JackalCoyoteDholeDire WolfGolden JackalManed WolfRaccoon Dog
Foxes Bat-Eared FoxCulpeoGray FoxIsland FoxNine-Tailed FoxOinari-sama
True Foxes Arctic FoxEzo Red FoxFennec FoxPale FoxRed FoxSilver FoxTibetan Sand FoxWhite Ezo Red Fox
Wolves Arctic WolfDingoEastern WolfGray WolfHokkaido WolfIndian WolfItalian WolfJapanese WolfMexican WolfMongolian WolfNew Guinea Singing DogTundra Wolf
Dogs CerberusDomestic DogDomestic Dog (Mixed-Breed)Ryukyu KenSiberian Husky
Cetaceans
Blue WhaleChinese White DolphinCommerson's DolphinCommon Bottlenose DolphinKiller WhaleNarwhalShort-Beaked Common Dolphin
Deer
Axis DeerMooseMule DeerPère David's DeerReindeerRoe DeerSchomburgk's DeerSika DeerSouthern PudúWater DeerWhite ReindeerYezo Sika Deer
Elephantids
African Bush ElephantAfrican Forest ElephantIndian ElephantSumatran ElephantWoolly Mammoth
Equids Chestnut HorseDonkeyHipparionPrzewalski's HorseSeal Brown HorseTarpanWhite Horse
Zebras Chapman's ZebraGrévy's ZebraMountain ZebraPlains ZebraQuagga
Felids Smilodon
Felines Asian Golden CatBobcatCaracalCheetahCougarDomestic CatEurasian LynxFlat-Headed CatGeoffroy's CatIriomote CatJaguarundiJungle CatKing CheetahMarbled CatMargayOcelotPallas's CatSand CatServalWhite Serval
Pantherines Black LeopardClouded LeopardLeopardPeach PantherSnow Leopard
Jaguars Arizonan JaguarBlack JaguarJaguar
Lions Barbary LionCape LionEuropean Cave LionLionMasai LionTransvaal LionWhite Lion
Tigers Bengal TigerByakkoGolden TigerMaltese TigerSiberian TigerSouth China TigerSumatran TigerWhite Tiger
Giraffids
OkapiReticulated GiraffeRothschild's GiraffeSivatheriumSouth African Giraffe
Hares
Arctic HareEuropean HareMountain Hare
Marsupials
Australian DevilCommon Brushtail PossumCommon Ringtail PossumCommon WombatGreater BilbyGreater GliderKoalaNumbatPademelonRed KangarooScaly-Tailed PossumSpectacled Hare-WallabySquirrel GliderSulawesi Bear CuscusTasmanian DevilThylacineWhite-Eared Opossum
Otters
Asian Small-Clawed OtterEurasian OtterJapanese River OtterNorthern Sea OtterSouthern Sea Otter
Pigs
Buru BabirusaDesert WarthogDomestic PigGiant Forest HogJapanese BoarRyukyu Boar
Pinnipeds
Baikal SealBearded SealCalifornia Sea LionHarp SealHooded SealMediterranean Monk SealNorthern Fur SealRinged SealSteller Sea LionWalrus
Primates
Aye-AyeBlack-And-White Ruffed LemurBornean OrangutanBrown Greater GalagoCommon ChimpanzeeGolden Lion TamarinGolden Snub-Nosed MonkeyHamadryas BaboonIndriKabanMandrillPatas MonkeyRing-Tailed LemurSlow LorisVenezuelan Red HowlerWestern Lowland Gorilla
Rhinoceroses
Black RhinocerosIndian RhinocerosSumatran RhinocerosWhite Rhinoceros
Rodents
Alpine MarmotBlack-Tailed Prairie DogBrazilian PorcupineCapybaraChipmunkCommon DeguCoypuCrested PorcupineEurasian BeaverJapanese SquirrelKyūshū Flying SquirrelLong-Tailed ChinchillaNorth American Beaver
Tapirs
Baird's TapirMalayan TapirMountain TapirSouth American Tapir
Miscellaneous Mammals
AardwolfBinturongCollared PeccaryDromedaryDugongFossaGiant ArmadilloGiant PangolinGuanacoHippopotamusHippopotamus GorgopsHoney BadgerHuacaya AlpacaHyracotheriumJapanese BadgerJapanese MartenLinnaeus's Two-Toed SlothMasked Palm CivetMeerkatPale-throated SlothPink Fairy ArmadilloPlatypusPronghornRaccoonRed PandaRock HyraxSableSpotted HyenaSteller's Sea CowStoatStriped SkunkSuri AlpacaVicuñaWestern Spotted SkunkWild Bactrian CamelWolverine