Difference between revisions of "Great Hornbill"

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|introduction='''Great Hornbill''' is a type of bird [[Friend]]. Her design was released for JAZA's "Hornbill Day" on March 1st alongside [[Rhinoceros Hornbill]].
 
|introduction='''Great Hornbill''' is a type of bird [[Friend]]. Her design was released for JAZA's "Hornbill Day" on March 1st alongside [[Rhinoceros Hornbill]].
|reallife=The great hornbill (Buceros bicornis) also known as the great Indian hornbill or great pied hornbill, is one of the larger members of the hornbill family. It is found in South and Southeast Asia. Its impressive size and colour have made it important in many tribal cultures and rituals. The great hornbill is long-lived, living for nearly 50 years in captivity. It is predominantly frugivorous, but is an opportunist and will prey on small mammals, reptiles and birds.
 
 
The wing beats are heavy and the sound produced by birds in flight can be heard from a distance. This sound has been likened to the puffing of a steam locomotive starting up. The flight involves stiff flaps followed by glides with the fingers splayed and upcurled. They sometimes fly at great height over forests.
 
 
Great hornbills are found in the forests of Nepal, India, Mainland Southeast Asia and Sumatra. The distribution of the species is fragmented over its range in South and Southeast Asia. In South Asia they are found in a few forest areas in the Western Ghats and in the forests along the Himalayas. Their distribution extends into Thailand, Burma, Malaya, and Sumatra. A small feral population is found in Singapore. Their habitat is dense old growth (unlogged) forests in hilly regions. They appear to be dependent on large stretches of forest, unlike many of the smaller hornbills.
 
 
They forage along branches, moving along by hopping, looking for insects, nestling birds and small lizards, tearing up bark and examining them. Prey are caught, tossed in the air and swallowed. A rare squirrel, the Travancore flying squirrel (Petinomys fuscocapillus} has been eaten, and Indian scops owl (Otus bakkamoena), jungle owlet (Glaucidium radiatum) and Sri Lanka green pigeon (Treron pompadora) have been taken as prey in the Western Ghats.
 
 
During the breeding season (January to April) great hornbills become very vocal. They make loud duets, beginning with a loud "kok" given about once a second by the male, to which the female joins in. The pair then calls in unison, turning into a rapid mixture of roars and barks. They prefer mature forests for nesting. Large, tall and old trees, particularly emergents that rise above the canopy, seem to be preferred for nesting. They form monogamous pair bonds and live in small groups of 2-40 individuals. Group courtship displays involving up to 20 birds have been observed.
 
 
The female hornbill builds a nest in the hollow of a large tree trunk, sealing the opening with a plaster made up mainly of feces. She remains imprisoned there, relying on the male to bring her food, until the chicks are half developed. During this period the female undergoes a complete moult. The young chicks have no feathers and appear very plump. The mother is fed by her mate through a slit in the seal. The clutch consists of one or two eggs, which she incubates for 38–40 days. The female voids feces through the nest slit, as do the chicks from the age of two weeks. Once the female emerges from the nest, the chicks seal it again.
 
 
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Latest revision as of 00:37, 30 July 2020

Great Hornbill

Great HornbillOriginal.jpg

Character Data
Also known as: Great Indian Hornbill, Great Pied Hornbill
Japanese Name: オオサイチョウ
Romanised Name: Oosaichou
First Featured in: Not Featured Yet
Animal Data
Scientific Name: Buceros bicornis
Distribution: Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia
Diet: Omnivore
Average Lifespan in the Wild: 35-50 Years
Read More: Great Hornbill
Conservation Status: Status iucn3.1 VU.svg.png
Great Hornbill

Great Hornbill is a type of bird Friend. Her design was released for JAZA's "Hornbill Day" on March 1st alongside Rhinoceros Hornbill.

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